The tolerance for the reduction and oxidation (redox) reactions of the segmented-in-series solid oxide fuel cells (SIS-SOFCs) has been investigated. In conventional anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), the anode and the substrate are typically prepared from Ni-YSZ-based materials which exhibit a significant dimensional change because of the redox reaction and cannot retain their structure. The substrate of the SIS-SOFCs is prepared from Ni-doped MgO-based material, which has a high redox tolerance, and the SIS-SOFC exhibits a good performance after the redox cycles. The degradation rate is approximately 0.15% per cycle in a redox condition of start-and-stop operation without fuel supply. In the other redox condition (when the fuel supply is interrupted for 1.5 min), the voltage of the SIS-SOFCs remains almost constant. However, the voltage of SIS-SOFCs decreases with an increase in the reoxidation time of the interruption in the fuel supply. The high redox tolerance is attributed to the fact that the diffusion coefficients, mean free path, and existence of the Ni particles in the substrate can effectively deter the oxidation of the anode.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering