Evaluation of tritium confinement performance of alumina and zirconium for tritium production in a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor for fusion reactors

Kazunari Katayama, Hiroki Ushida, Hideaki Matsuura, Satoshi Fukada, Minoru Goto, Shigeaki Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tritium production utilizing nuclear reactions by neutron and lithium in a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor is attractive for development of a fusion reactor. From viewpoints of tritium safety and recovery efficiency, tritium confinement is an important issue. It is known that alumina has high resistance for gas permeation. In this study, hydrogen permeation experiments in commercial alumina tubes were conducted and hydrogen permeability, diffusivity and solubility were evaluated. By using obtained data, tritium permeation behavior from an Al2O3-coated Li-compound particle was simulated. Additionally, by using lITERature data for hydrogen behavior in zirconium, an effect of Zr incorporation into an Al2O3 coating on tritium permeation was discussed. It was indicated that the majority of produced tritium was released through the Al2O3 coating above 500 °C. However, it is expected that total tritium leak is suppressed to below 0.67 % of total tritium produced at 500 oC by incorporating Zr fine particles into the inside of Al2O3 coating, assuming tritium pressure inside particle is kept at the plateau pressure of the Zr hydride generation reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-668
Number of pages7
JournalFusion Science and Technology
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

high temperature gas cooled reactors
High temperature gas reactors
Tritium
fusion reactors
Aluminum Oxide
Fusion reactors
tritium
Zirconium
Alumina
aluminum oxides
evaluation
Permeation
Hydrogen
coatings
Coatings
hydrogen
Nuclear reactions
high resistance
Lithium
Hydrides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Evaluation of tritium confinement performance of alumina and zirconium for tritium production in a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor for fusion reactors. / Katayama, Kazunari; Ushida, Hiroki; Matsuura, Hideaki; Fukada, Satoshi; Goto, Minoru; Nakagawa, Shigeaki.

In: Fusion Science and Technology, Vol. 68, No. 3, 01.01.2015, p. 662-668.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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