B-values of various moisture-absorbing textiles and usual interior materials such as lauan plywood were analyzed as a measure of the function of environmental humidity control, by measuring the continuous change of relative humidity accompaning with the periodic change of temperature in a closed vessel of 0.012 m3 including a textile or a usual interior material having a constant area or weight. The response of moisture-absorption (or -desorption) of each textile was quicker than that of lauan plywood for interior wall, so as to follow the change of relative humidity caused by the rapid change of temperature in a closed vessel. This is due to the markedly large specific surface area in a textile, concerning with the moisture-absorption (or -desorption), in comparison with that in a lauan plywood. The B-values determined at the constant area for each textile were lower than that of a lauan plywood, that is, the function of environmental humidity control of each textile was inferior to that of a lauan plywood. However, B-values at the constant weight for a cotton fabric. a woollen fabric, a rayon fabric and a solvron fabric were almost the same degree with that of lauan plywood. In B-values at the constant weight for these materials, the higher moisture-absorption led to the higher B-value. The highest moisture-absorption and the highest B-value were observed in the NF-38 non-woven fabric, 60 wt% of which was the high moisture-absorption fiber N. 38. These results show that the function of environmental humidity control of materials, having a large and different specific surface area, should be evaluated by B-value at the constant weight and that the textiles having a superior function of environmental humidity control, exceeding that of lauan ply wood, can be designed by controlling the weight/area of moisture-absorption textiles such as a cotton fabric.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Materials Science (miscellaneous)
- Polymers and Plastics
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering