Evaluation with B-value of the function of environmental humidity control of textiles

T. Ohta, T. Zhang, A. Takada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

B-values of various moisture-absorbing textiles and usual interior materials such as lauan plywood were analyzed as a measure of the function of environmental humidity control, by measuring the continuous change of relative humidity accompaning with the periodic change of temperature in a closed vessel of 0.012 m3 including a textile or a usual interior material having a constant area or weight. The response of moisture-absorption (or -desorption) of each textile was quicker than that of lauan plywood for interior wall, so as to follow the change of relative humidity caused by the rapid change of temperature in a closed vessel. This is due to the markedly large specific surface area in a textile, concerning with the moisture-absorption (or -desorption), in comparison with that in a lauan plywood. The B-values determined at the constant area for each textile were lower than that of a lauan plywood, that is, the function of environmental humidity control of each textile was inferior to that of a lauan plywood. However, B-values at the constant weight for a cotton fabric. a woollen fabric, a rayon fabric and a solvron fabric were almost the same degree with that of lauan plywood. In B-values at the constant weight for these materials, the higher moisture-absorption led to the higher B-value. The highest moisture-absorption and the highest B-value were observed in the NF-38 non-woven fabric, 60 wt% of which was the high moisture-absorption fiber N. 38. These results show that the function of environmental humidity control of materials, having a large and different specific surface area, should be evaluated by B-value at the constant weight and that the textiles having a superior function of environmental humidity control, exceeding that of lauan ply wood, can be designed by controlling the weight/area of moisture-absorption textiles such as a cotton fabric.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
Journalsen'i gakkaishi
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Humidity control
Plywood
Textiles
Moisture
Cotton fabrics
Specific surface area
Desorption
Atmospheric humidity
Rayon fabrics
Nonwoven fabrics
Wood
Temperature
Fibers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Evaluation with B-value of the function of environmental humidity control of textiles. / Ohta, T.; Zhang, T.; Takada, A.

In: sen'i gakkaishi, Vol. 52, No. 5, 01.01.1996, p. 234-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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