Evaporation kinetics of pure water drops

Thermal patterns, Marangoni flow, and interfacial temperature difference

Tejaswi Josyula, Zhenying Wang, Alexandros Askounis, Daniel Mantecon Orejon, Harish Sivasankaran, Yasuyuki Takata, Pallab Sinha Mahapatra, Arvind Pattamatta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report a systematic study of the role of Marangoni convection in the evaporation kinetics of pure water drops, considering the influence of the heating regime and surface wettability. Marangoni flows were induced via heating under constant wall temperature (uniform heating) and constant heat flux (local heating) regimes below the drops. To visualize the thermal patterns emerging during the evaporation, we employed infrared thermography and we captured the evolution of the drop profile with a CCD camera to follow the evaporation kinetics of each drop. We observed a strong correlation between the temperature difference within the drop and the evolution of the drop shape during different modes of evaporation (i.e., constant radius, angle, or stick-slip) resulting in different Marangoni flow patterns. Under uniform heating, stable recirculatory vortices due to Marangoni convection emerged at high temperature, but they faded at later stages of the evaporation process. On the other hand, in the localized heating case, the constant heat flux resulted in a rapid increase in the temperature difference within the drop capable of sustaining Marangoni flows throughout the evaporation. Surface wettability was found also to play a role in both the emergence of the Marangoni flows and the evaporation kinetics. In particular, recirculatory flows in drops on hydrophobic surfaces were stronger when compared to flows on hydrophilic surfaces for both uniform and local heating. To quantify the effect of the heating mode and the importance of Marangoni flows, we calculated the evaporative flux for each case and found it to be much higher in the localized heating case. Evaporative flux depends on both diffusion and natural convection of the vapor phase to the ambient. Hence, we estimated the Grashof number for each case and found a strong relation between natural convection in the vapor phase and heating regime or Marangoni convection in the liquid phase. Subsequently, we demonstrate the limitation of the previously reported diffusion-only model in describing the evaporation of heated drops.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052804
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 26 2018

Fingerprint

Evaporation
Heating
temperature gradients
Kinetics
evaporation
Water
heating
kinetics
water
Marangoni Convection
Marangoni convection
Wettability
Natural Convection
wettability
Heat Flux
free convection
heat flux
convection
vapor phases
Infrared Thermography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Evaporation kinetics of pure water drops : Thermal patterns, Marangoni flow, and interfacial temperature difference. / Josyula, Tejaswi; Wang, Zhenying; Askounis, Alexandros; Orejon, Daniel Mantecon; Sivasankaran, Harish; Takata, Yasuyuki; Mahapatra, Pallab Sinha; Pattamatta, Arvind.

In: Physical Review E, Vol. 98, No. 5, 052804, 26.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Josyula, Tejaswi ; Wang, Zhenying ; Askounis, Alexandros ; Orejon, Daniel Mantecon ; Sivasankaran, Harish ; Takata, Yasuyuki ; Mahapatra, Pallab Sinha ; Pattamatta, Arvind. / Evaporation kinetics of pure water drops : Thermal patterns, Marangoni flow, and interfacial temperature difference. In: Physical Review E. 2018 ; Vol. 98, No. 5.
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