Everolimus for advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours: A subgroup analysis evaluating japanese patients in the radiant-3 trial

Tetsuhide Ito, Takuji Okusaka, Masafumi Ikeda, Hisato Igarashi, Chigusa Morizane, Kohei Nakachi, Takeshi Tajima, Akio Kasuga, Yoshie Fujita, Junji Furuse

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Everolimus, an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin, has recently demonstrated efficacy and safety in a Phase III, double-blind, randomized trial (RADIANT-3) in 410 patients with low- or intermediate-grade advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours. Everolimus 10 mg/day provided a 2.4-fold improvement compared with placebo in progression-free survival, representing a 65% risk reduction for progression. The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the efficacy and safety of everolimus in the Japanese subgroup enrolled in the RADIANT-3 study. Methods: Subgroup analysis of the Japanese patients was performed comparing efficacy and safety between everolimus 10 mg/day orally (n = 23) and matching placebo (n = 17). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival. Safety was evaluated on the basis of the incidence of adverse drug reactions. Results: Progression-free survival was significantly prolonged with everolimus compared with placebo. The median progression-free survival was 19.45 months (95% confidence interval, 8.31-not available) with everolimus vs 2.83 months (95% confidence interval, 2.46-8.34) with placebo, resulting in an 81% risk reduction in progression (hazard ratio, 0.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.08-0.48; P< 0.001). Adverse drug reactions occurred in all 23 (100%) Japanese patients receiving everolimus and in 13 (77%) patients receiving placebo; most were grade 1/2 in severity. The most common adverse drug reactions in the everolimus group were rash (n = 20; 87%), stomatitis (n = 17; 74%), infections (n = 15; 65%), nail disorders (n = 12; 52%), epistaxis (n = 10; 44%) and pneumonitis (n = 10; 44%). Conclusions: These results support the use of everolimus as a valuable treatment option for Japanese patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberhys123
Pages (from-to)903-911
Number of pages9
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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    Ito, T., Okusaka, T., Ikeda, M., Igarashi, H., Morizane, C., Nakachi, K., Tajima, T., Kasuga, A., Fujita, Y., & Furuse, J. (2012). Everolimus for advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours: A subgroup analysis evaluating japanese patients in the radiant-3 trial. Japanese journal of clinical oncology, 42(10), 903-911. [hys123]. https://doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hys123