Background. Biliary anastomosis stricture (BAS) is still among the major concerns after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), even after the technical refinements including the universal use of the blood flow-preserving hilar dissection technique. The aim of this study is to investigate what are still the factors for BAS after LDLT. Methods. An analysis of 279 adult-to-adult LDLT grafts (left lobe, n = 161; right lobe, n = 118) with duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction, since the universal application of minimal hilar dissection technique and gradual introduction of eversion technique, was performed. Results. There were 39 patients with BAS. Univariate analysis showed that a right lobe graft (P = 0.008), multiple bile ducts (P < 0.001), ductoplasty (P < 0.001), not using the eversion technique (P = 0.004) and fewer biliary stents than bile duct orifices (P = 0.002) were among the factors associated with BAS. The 1-year and 5-year BAS survival rates were 17.7% and 21.2% in the noneversion group (n = 134), and 6.2% and 7.9% in the eversion group (n = 145), respectively (P = 0.002). The perioperative factors including graft biliary anatomy were not different between everted (n = 134) and noneverted (n = 145) patients. Conclusions. The application of eversion technique under minimal hilar dissection technique could be a key for preventing BAS in duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction in LDLT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes