Evidence for νμ→ντ appearance in the CNGS neutrino beam with the OPERA experiment

N. Agafonova, A. Aleksandrov, A. Anokhina, S. Aoki, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, T. Asada, D. Autiero, A. Ben Dhahbi, A. Badertscher, D. Bender, A. Bertolin, C. Bozza, R. Brugnera, F. Brunet, G. Brunetti, A. Buonaura, S. Buontempo, B. Büttner, L. ChaussardM. Chernyavsky, V. Chiarella, A. Chukanov, L. Consiglio, N. D'Ambrosio, G. De Lellis, M. De Serio, P. Del Amo Sanchez, A. Di Crescenzo, D. Di Ferdinando, N. Di Marco, S. Dmitrievski, M. Dracos, D. Duchesneau, S. Dusini, T. Dzhatdoev, J. Ebert, A. Ereditato, J. Favier, T. Ferber, G. Ferone, R. A. Fini, T. Fukuda, G. Galati, A. Garfagnini, G. Giacomelli, C. Goellnitz, J. Goldberg, Y. Gornushkin, G. Grella, F. Grianti, M. Guler, C. Gustavino, C. Hagner, K. Hakamata, T. Hara, T. Hayakawa, M. Hierholzer, A. Hollnagel, B. Hosseini, H. Ishida, K. Ishiguro, M. Ishikawa, K. Jakovcic, C. Jollet, C. Kamiscioglu, M. Kamiscioglu, T. Katsuragawa, J. Kawada, H. Kawahara, J. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, M. Kimura, N. Kitagawa, B. Klicek, K. Kodama, M. Komatsu, U. Kose, I. Kreslo, A. Lauria, J. Lenkeit, A. Ljubicic, A. Longhin, P. Loverre, A. Malgin, G. Mandrioli, J. Marteau, T. Matsuo, V. Matveev, N. Mauri, E. Medinaceli, A. Meregaglia, P. Migliozzi, S. Mikado, M. Miyanishi, E. Miyashita, P. Monacelli, M. C. Montesi, K. Morishima, M. T. Muciaccia, N. Naganawa, T. Naka, M. Nakamura, T. Nakano, Y. Nakatsuka, K. Niwa, S. Ogawa, N. Okateva, A. Olshevsky, T. Omura, K. Ozaki, A. Paoloni, B. D. Park, I. G. Park, A. Pastore, L. Patrizii, E. Pennacchio, H. Pessard, C. Pistillo, D. Podgrudkov, N. Polukhina, M. Pozzato, K. Pretzl, F. Pupilli, R. Rescigno, M. Roda, H. Rokujo, T. Roganova, G. Rosa, I. Rostovtseva, A. Rubbia, O. Ryazhskaya, O. Sato, Y. Sato, A. Schembri, W. Schmidt-Parzefal, I. Shakiryanova, T. Shchedrina, A. Sheshukov, H. Shibuya, T. Shiraishi, G. Shoziyoev, S. Simone, M. Sioli, C. Sirignano, G. Sirri, M. Spinetti, L. Stanco, N. Starkov, S. M. Stellacci, M. Stipcevic, T. Strauss, P. Strolin, K. Suzuki, S. Takahashi, M. Tenti, F. Terranova, V. Tioukov, S. Tufanli, P. Vilain, M. Vladimirov, L. Votano, J. L. Vuilleumier, G. Wilquet, B. Wonsak, C. S. Yoon, J. Yoshida, M. Yoshimoto, Y. Zaitsev, S. Zemskova, A. Zghiche

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Abstract

The OPERA experiment is designed to search for νμ→ντ oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., through the direct observation of the τ lepton in ντ-charged current interactions. The experiment has taken data for five years, since 2008, with the CERN Neutrino to Gran Sasso beam. Previously, two ντ candidates with a τ decaying into hadrons were observed in a subsample of data of the 2008-2011 runs. Here we report the observation of a third ντ candidate in the τ-→μ- decay channel coming from the analysis of a subsample of the 2012 run. Taking into account the estimated background, the absence of νμ→ντ oscillations is excluded at the 3.4σ level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number051102
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Agafonova, N., Aleksandrov, A., Anokhina, A., Aoki, S., Ariga, A., Ariga, T., Asada, T., Autiero, D., Ben Dhahbi, A., Badertscher, A., Bender, D., Bertolin, A., Bozza, C., Brugnera, R., Brunet, F., Brunetti, G., Buonaura, A., Buontempo, S., Büttner, B., ... Zghiche, A. (2014). Evidence for νμ→ντ appearance in the CNGS neutrino beam with the OPERA experiment. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 89(5), [051102]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.051102