We prepared two dissected fragments of hen lysozyme and examined whether or not these two fragments associated to form a native-like structure. One (Fragment I) is the peptide fragment Asn59-homoserine-105 containing Cys64-Cys80 and Cys76-Cys94. The other (Fragment II) is the peptide fragment Lys1-homoserine-58 connected by two disulfide bridges, Cys6-Cys127 and Cys30-Cys115, to the peptide fragment Asn106-Leu129. It was found that the Fragment I immobilized in the cuvette formed an equimolar complex with Fragment II (Kd = 3.3 × 10-4 M at pH 8 and 25°C) by means of surface plasmon resonance. Moreover, from analyses by circular dichroism spectroscopy and ion-exchange chromatography of the mixture of Fragments I and II at pH 8 under non-reducing conditions, it was suggested that these fragments associated to give the native-like structure. However, the mutant Fragment I in which Cys64-Cys80 and Cys76-Cys94 are lacking owing to the mutation of Cys to Ala, or the mutant fragment in which Trp62 is mutated to Gly, did not form the native-like species with Fragment II, because the mutant Fragment I derived from mutant lysozymes had no local conformation due to mutations. Considering our previous results where the preferential oxidation of two inside disulfide bonds, Cys64-Cys80 and Cys76-Cys94, occurred in the refolding of the fully reduced Fragment I, we suggest that the peptide region corresponding to Fragment I is an initiation site for hen lysozyme folding.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology