Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton-proton collisions at s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method

G. Aad, B. Abbott, J. Abdallah, O. Abdinov, R. Aben, M. Abolins, O. S. AbouZeid, H. Abramowicz, H. Abreu, R. Abreu, Y. Abulaiti, B. S. Acharya, L. Adamczyk, D. L. Adams, J. Adelman, S. Adomeit, T. Adye, A. A. Affolder, T. Agatonovic-Jovin, J. AgricolaJ. A. Aguilar-Saavedra, S. P. Ahlen, F. Ahmadov, G. Aielli, H. Akerstedt, T. P.A. Åkesson, A. V. Akimov, G. L. Alberghi, J. Albert, S. Albrand, M. J. Alconada Verzini, M. Aleksa, I. N. Aleksandrov, C. Alexa, G. Alexander, T. Alexopoulos, M. Alhroob, G. Alimonti, L. Alio, J. Alison, S. P. Alkire, B. M.M. Allbrooke, P. P. Allport, A. Aloisio, A. Alonso, F. Alonso, K. Kawagoe, S. Oda, H. Otono, J. Tojo, ATLAS Collaboration

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Abstract

This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb-1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)-1.3+1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-246
Number of pages19
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume756
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 10 2016

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quarks
collisions
protons
standard deviation
detectors
matrices
pair production
transverse momentum
center of mass
muons
bosons
luminosity
cross sections
electrons
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton-proton collisions at s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method. / Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Abreu, R.; Abulaiti, Y.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adye, T.; Affolder, A. A.; Agatonovic-Jovin, T.; Agricola, J.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahmadov, F.; Aielli, G.; Akerstedt, H.; Åkesson, T. P.A.; Akimov, A. V.; Alberghi, G. L.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Alconada Verzini, M. J.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alio, L.; Alison, J.; Alkire, S. P.; Allbrooke, B. M.M.; Allport, P. P.; Aloisio, A.; Alonso, A.; Alonso, F.; Kawagoe, K.; Oda, S.; Otono, H.; Tojo, J.; ATLAS Collaboration.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 756, 10.05.2016, p. 228-246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aad, G, Abbott, B, Abdallah, J, Abdinov, O, Aben, R, Abolins, M, AbouZeid, OS, Abramowicz, H, Abreu, H, Abreu, R, Abulaiti, Y, Acharya, BS, Adamczyk, L, Adams, DL, Adelman, J, Adomeit, S, Adye, T, Affolder, AA, Agatonovic-Jovin, T, Agricola, J, Aguilar-Saavedra, JA, Ahlen, SP, Ahmadov, F, Aielli, G, Akerstedt, H, Åkesson, TPA, Akimov, AV, Alberghi, GL, Albert, J, Albrand, S, Alconada Verzini, MJ, Aleksa, M, Aleksandrov, IN, Alexa, C, Alexander, G, Alexopoulos, T, Alhroob, M, Alimonti, G, Alio, L, Alison, J, Alkire, SP, Allbrooke, BMM, Allport, PP, Aloisio, A, Alonso, A, Alonso, F, Kawagoe, K, Oda, S, Otono, H, Tojo, J & ATLAS Collaboration 2016, 'Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton-proton collisions at s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 756, pp. 228-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2016.03.017
Aad, G. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdallah, J. ; Abdinov, O. ; Aben, R. ; Abolins, M. ; AbouZeid, O. S. ; Abramowicz, H. ; Abreu, H. ; Abreu, R. ; Abulaiti, Y. ; Acharya, B. S. ; Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, D. L. ; Adelman, J. ; Adomeit, S. ; Adye, T. ; Affolder, A. A. ; Agatonovic-Jovin, T. ; Agricola, J. ; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A. ; Ahlen, S. P. ; Ahmadov, F. ; Aielli, G. ; Akerstedt, H. ; Åkesson, T. P.A. ; Akimov, A. V. ; Alberghi, G. L. ; Albert, J. ; Albrand, S. ; Alconada Verzini, M. J. ; Aleksa, M. ; Aleksandrov, I. N. ; Alexa, C. ; Alexander, G. ; Alexopoulos, T. ; Alhroob, M. ; Alimonti, G. ; Alio, L. ; Alison, J. ; Alkire, S. P. ; Allbrooke, B. M.M. ; Allport, P. P. ; Aloisio, A. ; Alonso, A. ; Alonso, F. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Oda, S. ; Otono, H. ; Tojo, J. ; ATLAS Collaboration. / Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton-proton collisions at s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 2016 ; Vol. 756. pp. 228-246.
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title = "Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton-proton collisions at s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method",
abstract = "This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb-1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)-1.3+1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton-proton collisions at s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method

AU - Aad, G.

AU - Abbott, B.

AU - Abdallah, J.

AU - Abdinov, O.

AU - Aben, R.

AU - Abolins, M.

AU - AbouZeid, O. S.

AU - Abramowicz, H.

AU - Abreu, H.

AU - Abreu, R.

AU - Abulaiti, Y.

AU - Acharya, B. S.

AU - Adamczyk, L.

AU - Adams, D. L.

AU - Adelman, J.

AU - Adomeit, S.

AU - Adye, T.

AU - Affolder, A. A.

AU - Agatonovic-Jovin, T.

AU - Agricola, J.

AU - Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.

AU - Ahlen, S. P.

AU - Ahmadov, F.

AU - Aielli, G.

AU - Akerstedt, H.

AU - Åkesson, T. P.A.

AU - Akimov, A. V.

AU - Alberghi, G. L.

AU - Albert, J.

AU - Albrand, S.

AU - Alconada Verzini, M. J.

AU - Aleksa, M.

AU - Aleksandrov, I. N.

AU - Alexa, C.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Alexopoulos, T.

AU - Alhroob, M.

AU - Alimonti, G.

AU - Alio, L.

AU - Alison, J.

AU - Alkire, S. P.

AU - Allbrooke, B. M.M.

AU - Allport, P. P.

AU - Aloisio, A.

AU - Alonso, A.

AU - Alonso, F.

AU - Kawagoe, K.

AU - Oda, S.

AU - Otono, H.

AU - Tojo, J.

AU - ATLAS Collaboration

PY - 2016/5/10

Y1 - 2016/5/10

N2 - This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb-1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)-1.3+1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.

AB - This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb-1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)-1.3+1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.03.017

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.03.017

M3 - Article

VL - 756

SP - 228

EP - 246

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

ER -