Evolution of lattice defects, disordered/ordered phase transformations and mechanical properties in Ni-Al-Ti intermetallics by high-pressure torsion

Kaveh Edalati, Takeshi Daio, Zenji Horita, Kyosuke Kishida, Haruyuki Inui

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Abstract

Powder mixtures of Ni-25 mol.% Al-25 mol.% Ti were subjected to severe plastic deformation using high-pressure torsion (HPT) to examine the formation of ternary ordered intermetallics. In consistency with the Al-Ni and Ti-Al systems, in which the in situ formation of binary ordered intermetallics was achieved during HPT, a partially-ordered nanostructured B2-Ni(Al,Ti) phase with ∼11 nm grain size and high dislocation density, >1016 m 2, was formed in the Ni-Al-Ti system. The hardness-strain behavior of the Ni-Al-Ti mixture was similar to pure aluminum having a hardness maximum followed by a strain softening at large strains. The B2 phase transformed to a fully-ordered Ni2AlTi phase with L21 structure after annealing at 873 K with an activation energy of 270 kJ/mol. Atomic-scale elemental mapping using scanning transmission electron microscopy confirmed the occurrence of ordering after annealing as well as partial twining. Micropillar compression tests showed that both yield stress and plasticity increased after annealing, and high strength and high ductility with values as 3.6 GPa and 7%, respectively, were achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume563
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 25 2013

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Crystal defects
Torsional stress
Intermetallics
Phase transitions
Annealing
Mechanical properties
Hardness
Aluminum
Powders
Plasticity
Yield stress
Ductility
Plastic deformation
Activation energy
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Evolution of lattice defects, disordered/ordered phase transformations and mechanical properties in Ni-Al-Ti intermetallics by high-pressure torsion. / Edalati, Kaveh; Daio, Takeshi; Horita, Zenji; Kishida, Kyosuke; Inui, Haruyuki.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 563, 25.06.2013, p. 221-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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