Examination of sediment dynamics based on the distribution of silica fluxes and flood sediments in the otoishi river related to the northern kyushu heavy rain disaster, july 2017

Ryunosuke Nakanishi, Akira Baba, Takahiro Tsuyama, Hiro Ikemi, Yasuhiro Mitani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The heavy rain disaster occurred in July 2017, in northern Kyushu, Japan. The river environment greatly changed due to sediment moving accompanied by erosion. It is important regarding disaster prevention to localize watersheds where sediment transportation is active. In this study, the sediment dynamics were discussed on the basis of our investigation about the stored sediment, water-flow, and silica fluxes from sub-basins. As a result, the sediment survey revealed that many sediments consist of sand or gravel and were moved secondarily by water-flow. By the hydrological survey, it was confirmed that the trend of the dissolved silica concentrations varied between the right and the left bank tributaries. It was suggested that the left bank tributaries have a various process of water-flow. Considering the distribution of collapsed slopes, the right bank tributaries have more collapsed slopes than the left bank tributaries. As suggested by the results, the range of the silica flux is wider at the left bank tributaries because the sedimentation shows various distributions. On the other hand, the right bank tributaries were estimated topographically stable since the value of the silica flux is about the same.

Original languageEnglish
Article number75
JournalGeosciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

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tributary
disaster
silica
river
sediment
water flow
rain
distribution
gravel
watershed
sedimentation
erosion
sand
basin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Examination of sediment dynamics based on the distribution of silica fluxes and flood sediments in the otoishi river related to the northern kyushu heavy rain disaster, july 2017. / Nakanishi, Ryunosuke; Baba, Akira; Tsuyama, Takahiro; Ikemi, Hiro; Mitani, Yasuhiro.

In: Geosciences (Switzerland), Vol. 9, No. 2, 75, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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