Excess heat evolution from nanocomposite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gases

Akira Kitamura, Akito Takahashi, Koh Takahashi, Reiko Seto, Takeshi Hatano, Yasuhiro Iwamura, Takehiko Itoh, Jirohta Kasagi, Masanori Nakamura, Masanobu Uchimura, Hidekazu Takahashi, Shunsuke Sumitomo, Tatsumi Hioki, Tomoyoshi Motohiro, Yuichi Furuyama, Masahiro Kishida, Hideki Matsune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anomalous heat effect by interaction of hydrogen isotope gas and metal nanocomposites supported by zirconia or by silica has been examined. Observed absorption and heat evolution at RT were not too large to be explained by some chemical processes. At elevated temperatures of 200–300 °C, most samples with binary metal nanocomposites produced excess power of 3–24 W lasting for up to several weeks. The excess power was observed not only in the D-Pd·Ni system but also in the H–Pd·Ni system and H–Cu·Ni system, while single-element nanoparticle samples produced no excess power. The Pd/Ni ratio is one of the keys to increase the excess power. The maximum phase-averaged excess heat energy exceeded 270 keV/D, and the integrated excess heat energy reached 100 MJ/mol-M or 90 MJ/mol-H. It is impossible to attribute the excess heat energy to any chemical reaction; it is possibly due to radiation-free nuclear process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16187-16200
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume43
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 16 2018

Fingerprint

hydrogen isotopes
Isotopes
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
heat
Hydrogen
Gases
gases
Metals
zirconium oxides
Zirconia
metals
Thermal effects
temperature effects
energy
Chemical reactions
chemical reactions
Silica
Nanoparticles
silicon dioxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Excess heat evolution from nanocomposite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gases. / Kitamura, Akira; Takahashi, Akito; Takahashi, Koh; Seto, Reiko; Hatano, Takeshi; Iwamura, Yasuhiro; Itoh, Takehiko; Kasagi, Jirohta; Nakamura, Masanori; Uchimura, Masanobu; Takahashi, Hidekazu; Sumitomo, Shunsuke; Hioki, Tatsumi; Motohiro, Tomoyoshi; Furuyama, Yuichi; Kishida, Masahiro; Matsune, Hideki.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 43, No. 33, 16.08.2018, p. 16187-16200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kitamura, A, Takahashi, A, Takahashi, K, Seto, R, Hatano, T, Iwamura, Y, Itoh, T, Kasagi, J, Nakamura, M, Uchimura, M, Takahashi, H, Sumitomo, S, Hioki, T, Motohiro, T, Furuyama, Y, Kishida, M & Matsune, H 2018, 'Excess heat evolution from nanocomposite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gases' International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 43, no. 33, pp. 16187-16200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.06.187
Kitamura, Akira ; Takahashi, Akito ; Takahashi, Koh ; Seto, Reiko ; Hatano, Takeshi ; Iwamura, Yasuhiro ; Itoh, Takehiko ; Kasagi, Jirohta ; Nakamura, Masanori ; Uchimura, Masanobu ; Takahashi, Hidekazu ; Sumitomo, Shunsuke ; Hioki, Tatsumi ; Motohiro, Tomoyoshi ; Furuyama, Yuichi ; Kishida, Masahiro ; Matsune, Hideki. / Excess heat evolution from nanocomposite samples under exposure to hydrogen isotope gases. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2018 ; Vol. 43, No. 33. pp. 16187-16200.
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