Experimental analysis of non-Boltzmann rotational energy distribution in supersonic free molecular flows

Hideo Mori, Tomohide Niimi, Isao Akiyama, Takumi Tsuzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the present study, we measure the rotational population in supersonic nitrogen free jets using a REMPI (resonantly enhanced multi-photon ionization) method, which is not influenced by secondary electrons, unlike an electron beam method. Nitrogen ions are detected as a REMPI signal and its spectra depending on the wavelength of an irradiated laser beam are analyzed to measure rotational temperature through the Boltzmann plot. Nitrogen gas expands into a vacuum chamber from a sonic nozzle with a D=0.50 mm diameter, setting PoD (P0: source pressure), depending inversely on the nozzle Knudsen number, at 15 Torr·mm or lower. For P0D=15 Torr·mm, the rotational temperature distribution along the centerline of the jet, measured by Boltzmann plot, coincides with Marrone's data measured by electron beam fluorescence, and the rotational relaxation rate ZR calculated by the relaxation equation results is 1.3. However, the non-Boltzmann rotational distribution appears evidently in the supersonic free molecular nitrogen flows for P0D≤15 Torr·mm and as a decrease in the P0D, the deviation from the Boltzmann distribution and the partial freezing of the population arise more upstream.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-441
Number of pages6
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume71
Issue number702
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

free molecular flow
energy distribution
Nitrogen
nitrogen
sonic nozzles
plots
electron beams
Ionization
ionization
Electron beams
Nozzles
Knudsen flow
Boltzmann distribution
free jets
Photons
nitrogen ions
photons
vacuum chambers
upstream
freezing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Experimental analysis of non-Boltzmann rotational energy distribution in supersonic free molecular flows. / Mori, Hideo; Niimi, Tomohide; Akiyama, Isao; Tsuzuki, Takumi.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 71, No. 702, 01.01.2005, p. 436-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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