Experimental analysis of thermal performance in buildings with shape-stabilized phase change materials

Hyun Bae Kim, Masayuki Mae, Youngjin Choi, Takeshi Kiyota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maintaining constant thermal conditions in building interiors requires substantial energy. Using phase-change materials (PCMs) with construction materials can improve thermal performance without increasing energy expenditure. Herein, shape-stabilized PCMs (SSPCMs) were used. We measured the thermal performance of a PCM sheet and established the melting- and solidification-temperature ranges at 19–26 °C. Three identical huts were examined using varying PCM levels under natural and heating conditions. In Hut A, no SSPCM sheets were applied; in Hut B, four layers of SSPCM sheets were applied to the floor; in Hut C, one layer of SSPCM was applied to the floor, walls, and ceilings. The results demonstrated that the application of SSPCM sheets improves thermal performance. For an equal number of SSPCM sheet layers applied on each side, the floor directly exposed to solar radiation showed the highest indoor temperature stabilization effect, followed by the walls and ceilings. Compared with Hut A, which served as the reference, the total power consumption using a heater decreased by 9.2% and 18.4% in Huts B and C, respectively. The effect of reducing heating power doubled when the applied area was expanded from the floor to the entire surface. Hence, effective PCM usage can entail large-scale application of SSPCM sheets to building surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-533
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume152
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

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Phase change materials
Pulse code modulation
Ceilings
Heating
Solar radiation
Solidification
Hot Temperature
Melting
Electric power utilization
Stabilization
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Experimental analysis of thermal performance in buildings with shape-stabilized phase change materials. / Kim, Hyun Bae; Mae, Masayuki; Choi, Youngjin; Kiyota, Takeshi.

In: Energy and Buildings, Vol. 152, 01.10.2017, p. 524-533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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