Experimental and Analytical Studies on Chromatography of Hydrogen-Deuterium Mixtures with Vanadium Particle Fixed-Bed

Satoshi Fukada, Tadashi Yamasaki, Hiroshi Matsuo, Nobuo Mitsuishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The exchange chromatography of hydrogen and deuterium in a vanadium particle bed was experimentally and analytically studied for the isotope separation with small scale facilities. In the analysis, diffusion across a fluid film and in a solid phase, an apparent exchange reaction on surfaces including effects of impurities, and axial dispersion in a fixed-bed are taken into consideration. A simplified calculation method using a numerical technique of the inverse Laplace transform was also applied for the analysis of the chromatography with a pulse or step change of a deuterium concentration at the inlet of the bed. From the experiment, it was found that the apparent exchange reaction rate on surfaces controls the overall mass transfer and the tortuosity factor in the bed is about 2. The numerical effluent curves calculated by using the mass transfer coefficient and the tortuosity factor obtained from the first and second moments, could be well fitted to the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-650
Number of pages9
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990

Fingerprint

chromatography
Deuterium
Chromatography
Vanadium
vanadium
beds
deuterium
Mass transfer
Hydrogen
Inverse transforms
Control surfaces
Laplace transforms
hydrogen
Reaction rates
mass transfer
Isotopes
Effluents
Impurities
fluid films
isotope separation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Experimental and Analytical Studies on Chromatography of Hydrogen-Deuterium Mixtures with Vanadium Particle Fixed-Bed. / Fukada, Satoshi; Yamasaki, Tadashi; Matsuo, Hiroshi; Mitsuishi, Nobuo.

In: journal of nuclear science and technology, Vol. 27, No. 7, 01.01.1990, p. 642-650.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fukada, Satoshi ; Yamasaki, Tadashi ; Matsuo, Hiroshi ; Mitsuishi, Nobuo. / Experimental and Analytical Studies on Chromatography of Hydrogen-Deuterium Mixtures with Vanadium Particle Fixed-Bed. In: journal of nuclear science and technology. 1990 ; Vol. 27, No. 7. pp. 642-650.
@article{7e4283db386e418b984e7e6821cb8a68,
title = "Experimental and Analytical Studies on Chromatography of Hydrogen-Deuterium Mixtures with Vanadium Particle Fixed-Bed",
abstract = "The exchange chromatography of hydrogen and deuterium in a vanadium particle bed was experimentally and analytically studied for the isotope separation with small scale facilities. In the analysis, diffusion across a fluid film and in a solid phase, an apparent exchange reaction on surfaces including effects of impurities, and axial dispersion in a fixed-bed are taken into consideration. A simplified calculation method using a numerical technique of the inverse Laplace transform was also applied for the analysis of the chromatography with a pulse or step change of a deuterium concentration at the inlet of the bed. From the experiment, it was found that the apparent exchange reaction rate on surfaces controls the overall mass transfer and the tortuosity factor in the bed is about 2. The numerical effluent curves calculated by using the mass transfer coefficient and the tortuosity factor obtained from the first and second moments, could be well fitted to the experimental results.",
author = "Satoshi Fukada and Tadashi Yamasaki and Hiroshi Matsuo and Nobuo Mitsuishi",
year = "1990",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3327/jnst.27.642",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "642--650",
journal = "Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology",
issn = "0022-3131",
publisher = "Atomic Energy Society of Japan",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental and Analytical Studies on Chromatography of Hydrogen-Deuterium Mixtures with Vanadium Particle Fixed-Bed

AU - Fukada, Satoshi

AU - Yamasaki, Tadashi

AU - Matsuo, Hiroshi

AU - Mitsuishi, Nobuo

PY - 1990/1/1

Y1 - 1990/1/1

N2 - The exchange chromatography of hydrogen and deuterium in a vanadium particle bed was experimentally and analytically studied for the isotope separation with small scale facilities. In the analysis, diffusion across a fluid film and in a solid phase, an apparent exchange reaction on surfaces including effects of impurities, and axial dispersion in a fixed-bed are taken into consideration. A simplified calculation method using a numerical technique of the inverse Laplace transform was also applied for the analysis of the chromatography with a pulse or step change of a deuterium concentration at the inlet of the bed. From the experiment, it was found that the apparent exchange reaction rate on surfaces controls the overall mass transfer and the tortuosity factor in the bed is about 2. The numerical effluent curves calculated by using the mass transfer coefficient and the tortuosity factor obtained from the first and second moments, could be well fitted to the experimental results.

AB - The exchange chromatography of hydrogen and deuterium in a vanadium particle bed was experimentally and analytically studied for the isotope separation with small scale facilities. In the analysis, diffusion across a fluid film and in a solid phase, an apparent exchange reaction on surfaces including effects of impurities, and axial dispersion in a fixed-bed are taken into consideration. A simplified calculation method using a numerical technique of the inverse Laplace transform was also applied for the analysis of the chromatography with a pulse or step change of a deuterium concentration at the inlet of the bed. From the experiment, it was found that the apparent exchange reaction rate on surfaces controls the overall mass transfer and the tortuosity factor in the bed is about 2. The numerical effluent curves calculated by using the mass transfer coefficient and the tortuosity factor obtained from the first and second moments, could be well fitted to the experimental results.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85004399457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85004399457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3327/jnst.27.642

DO - 10.3327/jnst.27.642

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85004399457

VL - 27

SP - 642

EP - 650

JO - Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology

JF - Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology

SN - 0022-3131

IS - 7

ER -