Experimental and numerical studies on burning velocities and Markstein numbers of lean laminar H2/CH4/air flames

Ekenechukwu C. Okafor, Masashi Toyoda, Akihiro Hayakawa, Yukihide Nagano, Toshiaki Kitagawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Experimental and numerical studies on the effects of hydrogen concentration on the unstretched laminar burning velocities and the Markstein numbers of premixed H2/CH4/air flames were conducted at equivalence ratio of 0.8. The experiments were conducted in a constant volume bomb at mixture temperature of 350 K and various initial mixture pressures up to 0.50 MPa. The mole fraction of hydrogen in the binary fuel was varied from 0 to 1.0. The unstretched laminar burning velocity increased non-linearly with increase in fraction of H2. It decreased with increase in initial mixture pressure. For each mixture pressure, the sum of concentrations of H and OH radicals in the numerically simulated flame were found to correlate strongly to the unstretched laminar burning velocity. The Markstein number obtained from the experiments varied non-monotonically with increasing hydrogen fraction at initial mixture pressure of 0.10 MPa. It decreased with increase in initial mixture pressure. Analytical evaluation of the Markstein number suggested that the Markstein number may vary non-monotonically with hydrogen fraction due to non-monotonic variation of the effective Lewis number and may decrease with increase in mixture pressure due to increase in Zeldovich number. The propensity of flame instability varied non-monotonically at 0.10 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013
PublisherKorean Society of Combustion
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013 - Gyeongju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: May 19 2013May 22 2013

Other

Other9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityGyeongju
Period5/19/135/22/13

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Air
Hydrogen
Experiments
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Okafor, E. C., Toyoda, M., Hayakawa, A., Nagano, Y., & Kitagawa, T. (2013). Experimental and numerical studies on burning velocities and Markstein numbers of lean laminar H2/CH4/air flames. In Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013 Korean Society of Combustion.

Experimental and numerical studies on burning velocities and Markstein numbers of lean laminar H2/CH4/air flames. / Okafor, Ekenechukwu C.; Toyoda, Masashi; Hayakawa, Akihiro; Nagano, Yukihide; Kitagawa, Toshiaki.

Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013. Korean Society of Combustion, 2013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Okafor, EC, Toyoda, M, Hayakawa, A, Nagano, Y & Kitagawa, T 2013, Experimental and numerical studies on burning velocities and Markstein numbers of lean laminar H2/CH4/air flames. in Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013. Korean Society of Combustion, 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013, Gyeongju, Korea, Republic of, 5/19/13.
Okafor EC, Toyoda M, Hayakawa A, Nagano Y, Kitagawa T. Experimental and numerical studies on burning velocities and Markstein numbers of lean laminar H2/CH4/air flames. In Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013. Korean Society of Combustion. 2013
Okafor, Ekenechukwu C. ; Toyoda, Masashi ; Hayakawa, Akihiro ; Nagano, Yukihide ; Kitagawa, Toshiaki. / Experimental and numerical studies on burning velocities and Markstein numbers of lean laminar H2/CH4/air flames. Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013. Korean Society of Combustion, 2013.
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