One-dimensional quantum statistics has been studied at the limit of isotropic exchange interaction in the unpaired electron system of a ferromagnetic organic radical crystal, 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-l,5-diphenyl-6-oxoverdazyl. The characteristic field dependence of the magnetic heat capacity of this crystal is quantitatively explained by the theoretical values derived from the Bethe-ansatz technique applied to the quantum transfer matrix, with a unique intrachain exchange constant J/kB = 5.5K. By the simultaneous measurement of magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity, the three-dimensional ordering at Tc=0.21 K, which is triggered by a weak interchain coupling |zJ′|/KB = 3×10−2K, is confirmed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)