Experimental Determination of the Photooxidation of Aqueous I- as a Source of Atmospheric I2

Kosuke Watanabe, Shohei Matsuda, Carlos A. Cuevas, Alfonso Saiz-Lopez, Akihiro Yabushita, Yukio Nakano

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Abstract

The chemistry of iodine plays an important role in the oxidizing capacity of the global marine atmosphere. In this study, we experimentally determine the photooxidation parameters of iodide ions in aqueous phase (I-(aq)) and estimate the subsequent emission of gaseous iodine molecules (I2(g)) into the atmosphere. The values of the molar absorption coefficient (ϵiodide(λ)) and the photooxidative quantum yields (φiodide(λ)) of I-(aq) in the range of 290-500 nm were determined. The influence of pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) on the values of φiodide(λ) was also investigated. The emission of I2(g) into the atmosphere following the photooxidation of I-(aq) in deionized water solution (pH 5.6, DO 7.8 mg L-1) and artificial seawater solution (pH 8.0, DO 7.0 mg L-1) was estimated to be (2.2 × 10-8 × [I-(aq)]sea) and (1.8 × 10-8 × [I-(aq)]sea) mol L-1 s-1, respectively. Using a global chemistry-climate model, we estimated that the photooxidation of I-(aq) can increase the atmospheric iodine budget by up to ∼8% over some oceanic regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-679
Number of pages11
JournalACS Earth and Space Chemistry
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 18 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science

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