Experimental investigation of surge phenomena in a transonic centrifugal compressor with inlet distortion

Sasuga Ito, Masato Furukawa, Satoshi Gunjishima, Takafumi Ota, Kazuhito Konishi, Kazutoyo Yamada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Inlet distortion has influence on the aerodynamic performance of turbomachinery such as compressors, turbines and fans. On turbochargers, bent pipes are installed around the compressor due to the spatial limitations in the engine room of the vehicle. As the result, the compressor is operated with the distorted inflow. In the low flow rate operation, the distorted inflow also affects the flow instability like stall and surge. Especially, the operation range on the low flow rate side is defined based on the flow rate where surge occurs, so it is important to investigate the effect of the distorted inflow on surge. In this study, the effect of the inlet distortion to surge phenomena has been investigated by the experiments with a transonic centrifugal compressor. A bent pipe has been installed at the upstream of the compressor to generate a distorted flow. Experiments have been also conducted under the condition that a straight pipe was installed upstream of the compressor, and unsteady measurements with high response pressure sensors and an I-type hot wire probe have been carried out to each experiments. In addition, Fast Fourier transform (FFT) and Wavelet transform have been applied to the unsteady measurement results obtained from each experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTurbomachinery
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791884102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventASME Turbo Expo 2020: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Sep 21 2020Sep 25 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume2E-2020

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2020: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period9/21/209/25/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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