Experimental investigation of the silica gel-water adsorption isotherm characteristics

K. C. Ng, H. T. Chua, C. Y. Chung, C. H. Loke, T. Kashiwagi, A. Akisawa, Bidyut Baran Saha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

175 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In designing adsorption chillers that employs silica gel-water as adsorbent-adsorbate pair, the overriding objective is to exploit low temperature waste-heat sources from industry. This paper describes an experimental approach for the determination of thermodynamic characteristics of silica gel-water working pair that is essential for the sizing of adsorption chillers. The experiments incorporated the moisture balance technique, a control-volume-variable-pressure (CVVP) apparatus and three types of silica gel have been investigated, namely the Fuji Davison Type A, Type 3A and Type RD. As evidenced by the experimental results, the Henry-type equation is found to be suitable for describing the isotherm characteristics of silica gel-water working pair at the conditions of adsorption chiller. The regeneration of adsorbent depends on the correct allocation of temperature as well as the amount of regeneration time. From the experiments, the isotherm characteristics of silica gel-water in the low- to high-pressure regimes and hence, its isosteric heat of adsorption will be determined. Key parameters for optimizing the amount of heat recovery such as the cycle and switching time of chiller can also be implied from the measured results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1631-1642
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume21
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Silica gel
Adsorption isotherms
Adsorption
Water
Adsorbents
Isotherms
Waste heat
Waste heat utilization
Adsorbates
Moisture
Experiments
Thermodynamics
Temperature
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Experimental investigation of the silica gel-water adsorption isotherm characteristics. / Ng, K. C.; Chua, H. T.; Chung, C. Y.; Loke, C. H.; Kashiwagi, T.; Akisawa, A.; Saha, Bidyut Baran.

In: Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 16, 01.11.2001, p. 1631-1642.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ng, K. C. ; Chua, H. T. ; Chung, C. Y. ; Loke, C. H. ; Kashiwagi, T. ; Akisawa, A. ; Saha, Bidyut Baran. / Experimental investigation of the silica gel-water adsorption isotherm characteristics. In: Applied Thermal Engineering. 2001 ; Vol. 21, No. 16. pp. 1631-1642.
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