Neutral beam injection (NBI) heating started in the second experimental campaign of the Large Helical Device (September to December 1998) by two tangential beam lines. With 100 keV hydrogen, the beam port through power of up to 3.7 MW was injected for 1 s typically. The energy confinement was systematically better than that predicted by the International Stellerator Scaling 95 up to a factor of 1.5. The temperature pedestal observed contributes to this enhancement. We have also demonstrated a long pulse discharge by NBI in the LHD. By injecting 0.7 MW of beam, a plasma with a density of 0.3 × 1019 m-3 was sustained for 22 s. A unique oscillating phenomenon of plasma quantities with a long time scale was observed in the long pulse discharge. One of the topics of NB discharge is that the plasma can be started up by NB alone. This technique is unique for helical systems that have a vacuum magnetic field confining high energy ions, and it is useful for helical systems to be free from the constraint of magnetic field strength that must coincide with the frequency required by electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECH).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics