Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy elements with Z=110,112 VIA 232Th, 238U+48Ca reactions

Yu Ts Oganessian, A. V. Yeremin, V. I. Chepigin, M. G. Itkis, A. P. Kabachenko, O. Konstantinesky, M. Konstantinesky, O. N. Malyshev, A. G. Popeko, J. Rohá̌c, R. N. Sagaidak, I. V. Shirokovsky, V. K. Utyonkov, S. Hofmann, G. Münzenberg, M. Veselský, Š Šáro, N. Iwasa, K. Morita, A. YonedaM. Hussonnois

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Abstract

The investigations of the decay properties and formation cross sections of the heaviest isotopes of the elements 110 (276-277 110) and 112 (282-283 112) were performed at the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions at Dubna with the use of the internal and extracted high intensity 48Ca beams. 232Th and 238U targets were used in the experiments. The experiments with internal beam probe include the use of fast chemistry for the extraction of the fraction containing 106 element nuclei from the 232Th target material and the off line measurements of the possible correlation chains from the 268,269106 α decay and 264-265 104 spontaneous fission. The 48Ca+238U reaction was investigated at the VASSILISSA recoil separator. The experiments were performed at two beam energies leading to excitation energies of 33 and 39 MeV. The collected beam doses were 3.5x 1018 and 2.2x 1018, respectively. Two spontaneous fission events were observed at the lower beam energy, which tentatively were assigned to the new neutron rich isotope 283112 produced by the reaction 238U(48Ca,3n)283112. The measured cross-section is (5.0 +6.3-3.2) pb and the half-life is (81 +147-32) s. No event was observed at the higher beam energy resulting in an upper cross-section limit of 7.3 pb for the 4n evaporation channel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalActa Physica Slovaca
Volume49
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Oganessian, Y. T., Yeremin, A. V., Chepigin, V. I., Itkis, M. G., Kabachenko, A. P., Konstantinesky, O., Konstantinesky, M., Malyshev, O. N., Popeko, A. G., Rohá̌c, J., Sagaidak, R. N., Shirokovsky, I. V., Utyonkov, V. K., Hofmann, S., Münzenberg, G., Veselský, M., Šáro, Š., Iwasa, N., Morita, K., ... Hussonnois, M. (1999). Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy elements with Z=110,112 VIA 232Th, 238U+48Ca reactions. Acta Physica Slovaca, 49(1), 65-74.