In this work, the role that manganese plays in determining the structure and performance of sintered biodegradable porous Fe-Mn alloys is described. Powder metallurgy processing was employed to produce a series of biodegradable porous Fe-xMn (x = 20, 30, and 35 wt %) alloys suitable for bone scaffold applications. Increasing manganese content increased the porosity volume in the sintered alloys and influenced the ensuing properties of the metal. The Fe-35Mn alloy possessed optimum properties for orthopedic application. X-ray diffraction analysis and magnetic characterization confirmed the predominance of the antiferromagnetic austenitic phase and ensured the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatibility of this alloy. The porous Fe-35Mn alloy possessed mechanical properties (tensile strength of 144 MPa, elastic modulus of 53.3 GPa) comparable to human cortical bone. The alloy exhibited high degradation rates (0.306 mm year-1) in simulated physiological fluid, likely due to its considerable Mn content and the high surface area inherent to its porous structures, while cytotoxicity and morphometry tests using mammalian preosteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) indicated good cell viability in the Fe-35Mn alloy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering