Explosive nucleosynthesis in hypernovae

Takayoshi Nakamura, Hideyuki Umeda, Koichi Iwamoto, Ken'ichi Nomoto, Masa Aki Hashimoto, W. Raphael Hix, Friedrich Karl Thielemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We examine the characteristics of nucleosynthesis in "hypernovae," i.e., supernovae with very large explosion energies (≳1052 ergs). We carry out detailed nucleosynthesis calculations for these energetic explosions and compare the yields with those of ordinary core-collapse supernovae. We find that both complete and incomplete Si-burning takes place over more extended, lower density regions, so that the α-rich freezeout is enhanced and produces more Ti in comparison with ordinary supernova nucleosynthesis. In addition, oxygen and carbon burning takes place in more extended, lower density regions than in ordinary supernovae. Therefore, the fuel elements O, C, and Al are less abundant, while a larger amount of Si, S, Ar, and Ca ("Si") are synthesized by oxygen burning; this leads to larger ratios of "Si"/O in the ejecta. Enhancement of the mass ratio between complete and incomplete Si-burning regions in the ejecta may explain the abundance ratios among iron-peak elements in metal-poor stars. Also the enhanced "Si"/O ratio may explain the abundance ratios observed in star burst galaxies. We also discuss other implications of enhanced [Ti/Fe] and [Fe/O] for Galactic chemical evolution and the abundances of low-mass black hole binaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)880-899
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume555
Issue number2 PART 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 2001

Fingerprint

nuclear fusion
supernovae
explosive
ejecta
explosions
explosion
nuclear fuel elements
stars
oxygen
chemical evolution
galactic evolution
mass ratios
erg
bursts
energetics
galaxies
iron
augmentation
carbon
metal

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Nakamura, T., Umeda, H., Iwamoto, K., Nomoto, K., Hashimoto, M. A., Hix, W. R., & Thielemann, F. K. (2001). Explosive nucleosynthesis in hypernovae. Astrophysical Journal, 555(2 PART 1), 880-899. https://doi.org/10.1086/321495

Explosive nucleosynthesis in hypernovae. / Nakamura, Takayoshi; Umeda, Hideyuki; Iwamoto, Koichi; Nomoto, Ken'ichi; Hashimoto, Masa Aki; Hix, W. Raphael; Thielemann, Friedrich Karl.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 555, No. 2 PART 1, 10.07.2001, p. 880-899.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakamura, T, Umeda, H, Iwamoto, K, Nomoto, K, Hashimoto, MA, Hix, WR & Thielemann, FK 2001, 'Explosive nucleosynthesis in hypernovae', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 555, no. 2 PART 1, pp. 880-899. https://doi.org/10.1086/321495
Nakamura T, Umeda H, Iwamoto K, Nomoto K, Hashimoto MA, Hix WR et al. Explosive nucleosynthesis in hypernovae. Astrophysical Journal. 2001 Jul 10;555(2 PART 1):880-899. https://doi.org/10.1086/321495
Nakamura, Takayoshi ; Umeda, Hideyuki ; Iwamoto, Koichi ; Nomoto, Ken'ichi ; Hashimoto, Masa Aki ; Hix, W. Raphael ; Thielemann, Friedrich Karl. / Explosive nucleosynthesis in hypernovae. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2001 ; Vol. 555, No. 2 PART 1. pp. 880-899.
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