The insect nervous system contains biogenic amines such octopamine (OA), which is synthesized from tyramine (TA) by catalysis of tyramine-β-hydroxylase (TβH). In this study, the Drosophila 70 kDa tyramine-β-hydroxylase (DmTβH) protein was purified after the recombinant nucleopolyhedrovirus isolated from Bombyx mori (BmNPV) containing the TβH gene was injected into the hemocoel of the fifth instar larvae from the d17 B. mori strain. Western blot analysis revealed an immunoreactive band with a molecular mass of 70 kDa. The products formed by incubating the enzyme reaction mixture were separated and detected by reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The optimum pH, temperature, and incubation time for the conversion of TA to OA were 7.6, 25 °C, and 30 min, respectively. The inhibitory experiments using various concentrations of 1-(2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl) imidazole-2(3. H)-thione (MMIT) showed that MMIT inhibited DmTβH dose-dependently and that this method can be applied for screening DmTβH inhibitors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science