Active human cytochrome P-450c21 was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. To increase expression, cDNA encoding for the N-terminal fragment of cytochrome P-450c21 was modified. Four histidine codons were added to cDNA encoding for the C-terminus of the protein; thus, recombinant protein could have been rapidly and effectively purified by metal-affinity chromatography. Modified human cytochrome P-450c21 was expressed (40-50 nmoles/l of culture according to spectrophotometry) which was able to bind to bacterial membrane. Modifications of N- and C-terminal regions of cytochrome P-450c21 did not change Km and Vmax for hydroxylation of progesterone and 17α-hydroxyprogesterone in reconstituted system. Recombinant cytochrome P-450c21 was purified to apparent homogeneity from Escherichia coli membrane extract by metal-affinity chromatography. Purified cytochrome P-450c21 migrates as a single 54 kD band on polyacrylamide gel and exhibits type I spectral changes during interaction with progesterone and 17α-hydroxyprogesterone. Activity of purified cytochrome P-450c21 was reconstituted with mouse liver microsomal NADPH-cytochrome P-450-reductase and NADPH-regenerating system. Purified enzyme had Km 12.2 and 3.21 μM and Vmax 192.9 and 198 nmoles/min/nmole of P-450c21 for 17α-hydroprogesterone and progesterone, respectively. According to titration spectra, dissociation constants for progesterone and 17α-hydroxyprogesterone were 14.7 and 31.1 μM, respectively.
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 1996|
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