Viral infection in the airway provokes various immune responses, including Th1 and Th2 responses, which are partly initiated by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), a viral product for its replication. B7-H1 (PD-L1) and B7-DC (PD-L2) are B7-family molecules that bind to programmed death-1 (PD-1) on lymphocytes and are implicated in peripheral tolerance. We investigated the effect of dsRNA on the expression of B7-H1 and B7-DC on airway epithelial cell lines. B7-H1 and B7-DC were constitutively expressed on the cells, and their expression was profoundly upregulated by stimulation with an analog of viral dsRNA, polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid. B7-H1 and B7-DC were also upregulated by stimulation with IFN-γ, IL-13, and the supernatant from T cell clones. A relatively high concentration of dexamethasone (1 μM) was required to suppress the upregulation of B7-H1 or B7-DC. These results suggest that epithelial B7-H1 and B7-DC play a role in virus-associated immune responses in the airways.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 29 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology