Expression of P-glycoprotein in high grade osteosarcomas with special emphasis on chondroblastic subtype

K. Radig, C. Hackel, J. Herting, Y. Oda, U. Mittler, W. Neumann, A. Roessner

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Abstract

The development of chemoresistance is one of the major clinical problems in the therapy of malignant bone tumors in childhood. The expression of membrane-bound P-glycoprotein turned out to be an essential factor in the evidence of resistant tumor cells. To investigate the significance of multidrug resistance in the prognosis of highly malignant osteosarcomas, the immunohistologic expression of P-glycoprotein was investigated in the tumor tissue of 52 patients under special consideration of the histologic subtype. The data were compared with the histologic regression grade in the resection specimen and correlated with clinical data. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue and, additionally, fresh frozen material taken from the primary biopsy were stained using monoclonal antibody JSB1. 29 (55%) of the tumors investigated were P-glycoprotein positive. Considering the response to chemotherapy, no conclusion could be drawn regarding P-glycoprotein expression, regression grade in the resection specimens, and the clinical follow-up. P-glycoprotein was detected in only 52% of the non-responders. A positive reaction was also evidenced in 59% of the patients with high chemosensitivity. A comparison of the histologic subtypes yielded a significant result in the chondroblastic osteosarcomas. 11 of 12 cases showed a strong expression of P-glycoprotein. Most of the cases were non-responders, and using Kaplan-Meier live tables, an unfavorable clinical outcome could be demonstrated. Possibly, chondroblastic tumors have a special position among osteosarcomas because of their differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalGeneral and Diagnostic Pathology
Volume142
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 1997
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Radig, K., Hackel, C., Herting, J., Oda, Y., Mittler, U., Neumann, W., & Roessner, A. (1997). Expression of P-glycoprotein in high grade osteosarcomas with special emphasis on chondroblastic subtype. General and Diagnostic Pathology, 142(3-4), 139-145.