It has been speculated that the mandibular condyle develops via the differentiation of the fibroblast-like cells covering the condyle into chondrocytes; however, the developmental mechanisms behind this process have not been revealed. We used laser-capture microdissection and cDNA microarray analysis to elucidate the genes that are highly expressed in these fibroblast-like cells. Among these genes, the transcription of Ten-m/Odz3 was significantly increased in the fibroblast-like cells compared with other cartilage tissues. For the first time, we describe the temporal and spatial expression of Ten-m/Odz3 mRNA in relation to the expression of type I, II, and X collagen mRNA, as determined by in-situ hybridization in mouse mandibular condylar cartilage and mouse femoral cartilage during the early stages of development. Ten-m/Odz3 was expressed in the fibrous layer and the proliferating and mature chondrocyte layers, which expressed type I and II collagen, respectively, but was not detected in the hypertrophic chondrocyte layer. Furthermore, we evaluated the in-vitro expression of Ten-m/Odz3 using ATDC5 cells, a mouse chondrogenic cell line. Ten-m/Odz3 was expressed during the early stage of the differentiation of mesenchymal cells into chondrocytes. These findings suggest that Ten-m/Odz3 is involved in the differentiation of chondrocytes and that it acts as a regulatory factor in the early stages of the development of mandibular condylar cartilage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology