Interleukin-1 (IL-1) can exert its pleiotropic effects on nearly every tissue by binding to its cognate receptor. Two types of IL-1 receptors have been identified. A large number of cell types have been shown to possess IL- 1 receptors in vitro and in vivo, but few studies have addressed the question of expression in dental tissues in vivo. Using in situ hybridization in normal newborn, young and adult mice, we have examined the cellular distribution of both types of IL-1 receptors in dental tissues. In the ameloblast layer of incisors and molars, the mRNA for the type I IL-1 receptor (IL-1RI) and the type II IL-1 receptor (IL-1RII) was detected at the presecretory stage. The expression level markedly increased and remained during amelogenesis at the secretory stage. At the maturation stage, however, the transcripts for both IL-1RI and -II mRNA disappeared. Expression of IL- 1RI and -II mRNA was also observed in odontoblasts after crown morphogenesis had been completed, and continued in these cells during dentinogenesis. No transcripts were detected in stratum intermedium cells and other cells in dental follicle, stellate reticulum, dental papilla, or pulp. Additionally, both types of IL-1R mRNA were also detected in osteoclasts on surfaces of alveolar bone. These results demonstrated for the first time that enamel- secreting ameloblasts and dentine-secreting odontoblasts express IL-1RI and - II mRNA, suggesting that IL-1 plays a regulatory role in the function of ameloblasts and odontoblasts during tooth development of mice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine