Exsolution kinetics of majoritic garnet from clinopyroxene in subducting oceanic crust

Masayuki Nishi, Tomoaki Kubo, Takumi Kato, Aiko Tominaga, Ken ichi Funakoshi, Yuji Higo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanisms and kinetics of exsolution of majoritic garnet from Ca-Tschermak-rich clinopyroxene were examined at 14.0-15.6GPa, 1250-1590°C, and H2O-undersaturated conditions (800-1170wt. ppm H2O) by time-resolved in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements. Textural observations of recovered samples revealed that majoritic garnet had exsolved along the grain boundaries of parent clinopyroxene. Analyses of the kinetic data obtained indicate that exsolved majoritic garnet grew by diffusion-controlled growth, and the growth kinetics can be described by k2 (m2/s)=7.4×10-5 exp[-389(kJmol-1)/RT]. The exsolution of majoritic garnet from clinopyroxene would be kinetically inhibited at temperatures below ∼800°C in geological time scales (105-106years) when the parent grain size is larger than 1mm. We constructed possible phase relations of subducting mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) taking the exsolution kinetics into consideration. When the effect of reaction kinetics is considered, the density contrast between the MORB component of a subducting slab and surrounding mantle becomes significantly reduced relative to that calculated for the equilibrium MORB assemblage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume189
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2011

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exsolution
garnets
oceanic crust
clinopyroxene
mid-ocean ridges
crusts
garnet
mid-ocean ridge basalt
basalt
kinetics
geological time
reaction kinetics
grain boundary
slab
synchrotrons
Earth mantle
slabs
grain size
grain boundaries
X-ray diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Exsolution kinetics of majoritic garnet from clinopyroxene in subducting oceanic crust. / Nishi, Masayuki; Kubo, Tomoaki; Kato, Takumi; Tominaga, Aiko; Funakoshi, Ken ichi; Higo, Yuji.

In: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 189, No. 1-2, 01.11.2011, p. 47-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nishi, Masayuki ; Kubo, Tomoaki ; Kato, Takumi ; Tominaga, Aiko ; Funakoshi, Ken ichi ; Higo, Yuji. / Exsolution kinetics of majoritic garnet from clinopyroxene in subducting oceanic crust. In: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. 2011 ; Vol. 189, No. 1-2. pp. 47-55.
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