The mechanisms of creep and superplasticity occurring in conventional large-grained materials are now understood reasonably well. However, very recent advances in the processing of theoretically-dense metals with submicrometer grain sizes have provided the opportunity to extend the understanding of flow behavior to include materials where the grains are exceptionally small. Using processing through the application of severe plastic deformation, as in procedures such as equal-channel angular pressing, it is now feasible to fabricate relatively large samples having ultrafine grain sizes in the submicrometer or nanometer range. This paper examines these recent advances and gives examples of the flow behavior in ultrafine-grained aluminum alloys.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering