Extracellular potassium dependent negative dromotropic action of nicorandil in guinea pig myocardium.

Fumiaki Kuma, Toru Maruyama, Hiroyuki Ito, Yoshikazu Kaji, Mine Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although the antiarrhythmic action of nicorandil is drawing an increasing attention, dromotropic effect of this agent is unclear. Therefore, this was investigated by microelectrode technique to the superfused guinea pig papillary muscle to record the action potential and extracellular potential during conduction. The correlation of myocardial internal longitudinal resistance (r1) assumed to reflect the global gap junctional resistance, maximum rate of rise of the action potential upstroke (Vmax), and conduction velocity was examined under the alterations of external potassium concentrations ([K+]e; ranging from 3.0 to 12.0 mM) in the presence or absence of 100 microM nicorandil. In the minimum [K+]e, nicorandil caused significant (p < 0.05) hyperpolarization and reduction in Vmax. Negative dromotropic action of nicorandil was slight but significant (p < 0.05) in low (3.0 mM) [K+]e but was not evident in physiologic (5.4 mM) or elevated (9.0 to 12.0 mM)[K+]e. In conclusion, nicorandil exerts negative dromotropic action as [K+]e decreased, which was accounted for by the cable analysis and may contribute to the prevention of low [K+]e-induced arrhythmia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-107
Number of pages10
JournalFukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica
Volume95
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004

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Nicorandil
Myocardium
Potassium
Guinea Pigs
Action Potentials
Papillary Muscles
Microelectrodes
Cardiac Arrhythmias

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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Extracellular potassium dependent negative dromotropic action of nicorandil in guinea pig myocardium. / Kuma, Fumiaki; Maruyama, Toru; Ito, Hiroyuki; Kaji, Yoshikazu; Harada, Mine.

In: Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica, Vol. 95, No. 4, 01.01.2004, p. 98-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuma, Fumiaki ; Maruyama, Toru ; Ito, Hiroyuki ; Kaji, Yoshikazu ; Harada, Mine. / Extracellular potassium dependent negative dromotropic action of nicorandil in guinea pig myocardium. In: Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica. 2004 ; Vol. 95, No. 4. pp. 98-107.
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