This article reports on the extraction behavior of heme proteins from an aqueous phase into ionic liquids (ILs) with dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 (DCH18C6), and the structure-function relationship of cytochrome c (Cyt-c) dissolved in ILs. We have found that DCH18C6 enables transfer of Lys-rich proteins into ILs via supramolecular complexation. The hydrophobicity and functional groups of ILs have a great influence on protein partitioning, and a hydroxyl group-containing IL with DCH18C6 is capable of the quantitative partitioning of Cyt-c. On the other hand, protein transfer using conventional organic solvents is negligibly small. UV-visible, CD, and resonance Raman spectroscopic characterizations indicate that the sixth ligand Met 80 in the heme group of the Cyt-c-DCH18C6 complex in IL is replaced by other amino acid residues of the peptide chain and that a non-natural, six-coordinate, low-spin ferric heme structure is induced in IL. Solubilization of Cyt-c in IL causes the environmental change of the heme vicinity of Cyt-c, which triggers the functional conversion of Cyt-c from an electron-transfer protein to peroxidase. The Cyt-c-DCH18C6 complex in IL provides remarkably high peroxidase activity compared with native Cyt-c, because of enhancement of the affinity for H2O2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry