Fabrication of bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells with controlled distribution of p-n components by Evaporative Spray deposition using Ultradilute Solution

Masato Shakutsui, Tadashi Iwamoto, Ryoji Maeda, Tetsuo Tsutsui, Katsuhiko Fujita

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A distribution-controlled bulk heterojunction (dc-BHJ) photovoltaic cell where the distribution of an electron donor and acceptor is controlled across the film was fabricated by Evaporative Spray Deposition using Ultradilute Solution (ESDUS) method, which can build a layered structure of polymer semiconductors soluble in a same solvent, and the energy conversion efficiency, PCE, of the dc-BHJ was significantly improved compared with a conventional BHJ cell. The dc-BHJ cells were fabricated by changing the ratio of a donor, regioregular poly(3-hexyl-thiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT), and an acceptor, a fullerene derivative (PCBM), from 2:1 to 1:2. The short circuit current, Jsc, and PCE of a dc-BHJ cell having P3HT-rich BHJ/PCBM-rich BHJ structure was 6.06 mA/cm2 and 2.15 %, respectively, while those of a conventional BHJ cell having P3HT:PCBM=1:1 layer were 5.26 mA/cm2, 1.71 %. In the dc-BHJ cells, the introduction of composition gradient brought about the increase in conversion efficiency. The transportation of photogenerated charge carriers to the collecting electrodes was improved because the better pathways should be formed in the dc-BHJ cells.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOrganic Photovoltaics IX
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7052
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Shakutsui, M., Iwamoto, T., Maeda, R., Tsutsui, T., & Fujita, K. (2008). Fabrication of bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells with controlled distribution of p-n components by Evaporative Spray deposition using Ultradilute Solution. In Organic Photovoltaics IX [705215] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 7052). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.794319