Fabrication of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate-coated β-TCP granules and evaluation of their osteoconductivity using experimental rats

Khairul Anuar Shariff, Kanji Tsuru, Kunio Ishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) has attracted much attention as an artificial bone substitute owing to its biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. In this study, osteoconductivity of β-TCP bone substitute was enhanced without using growth factors or cells. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD), which is known to possess the highest solubility among calcium phosphates, was coated on β-TCP granules by exposing their surface with acidic calcium phosphate solution. The amount of coated DCPD was regulated by changing the reaction time between β-TCP granules and acidic calcium phosphate solution. Histomorphometry analysis obtained from histological results revealed that the approximately 10 mol% DCPD-coated β-TCP granules showed the largest new bone formation compared to DCPD-free β-TCP granules, approximately 2.5 mol% DCPD-coated β-TCP granules, or approximately 27 mol% DCPD-coated β-TCP granules after 2 and 4 weeks of implantation. Based on this finding, we demonstrate that the osteoconductivity of β-TCP granules could be improved by coating their surface with an appropriate amount of DCPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1411-1419
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this