The bismuth based perovskite with the structure (CH3NH3)3Bi2I9 (MBI) is rapidly emerging as eco-friendly and stable semiconducting material as a substitute for the lead halide perovskites. A relatively higher bandgap of MBI (about 2.1 eV) has been found to be a bottleneck in realizing the high photovoltaic performance similar to that of lead halide based perovskites. We demonstrate the bandgap engineering of novel bismuth based perovskites obtained by in situ sulfur doping of MBI via the thermal decomposition of Bi(xt)3 (xt = ethyl xanthate) precursor. Colors of the obtained films clearly changed from orange to black when annealed from 80 to 120 °C. Formation of sulfur doped MA3Bi2I9 was confirmed by XRD and the presence of sulfur was confirmed through XPS. In this work, obtained sulfur doped bismuth perovskites exhibited a bandgap of 1.45 eV which is even lower than that of most commonly used lead halide perovskites. Hall-Effect measurements showed that the carrier concentration and mobility are much higher as compared to that of undoped MA3Bi2I9.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Chemistry