A facile synthetic strategy for well-defined multiblock copolymers utilizing 'living' free-radical polymerization macroinitiator has been presented. Polyurethane composed of alkoxyamine initiating units and poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO) segments was prepared by polyaddition of tolylene 2,4-diisocyanate terminated PTMO with an alkoxyamine-based diol. Polymerization of styrene with the polyurethane macroinitiator was carried out under nitroxide-mediated free-radical polymerization (NMRP) condition. GPC, NMR, and IR data revealed that the polymerization was accurately controlled and well-defined polystyrene chains were inserted in the main chain of macroinitiator to give the poly(tetramethylene oxide)-b-polystyrene multiblock copolymers. The synthesized multiblock copolymers were characterized by tensile test, differential scanning calorimetry, and dynamic mechanical analysis. Mechanical properties of the multiblock copolymers can be tuned by the sufficient molecular weight control of PS chains. Soft segment of PTMO and hard segment of PS were apparently compatible due to the multiblock structure of low molecular weight segments and polar urethane groups.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry