Background: Identifying factors associated with poor hip contact mechanics after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) may help surgeons optimize acetabular corrections in individual patients. We performed individual-specific finite-element analyses to identify preoperative morphological and surgical correction factors for abnormal contact pressure (CP) after PAO. Methods: We performed finite-element analyses before and after PAO with reference to the standing pelvic position on individual-specific 3-dimensional hip models created from computed tomography images of 51 dysplastic hips. Nonlinear contact analyses were performed to calculate the joint CP of the acetabular cartilage during a single-leg stance. Results: The maximum CP decreased in 50 hips (98.0%) after PAO compared to preoperative values, and the resulting maximum CP was within the normal range (<4.1 MPa) in 33 hips (64.7%). Multivariate analysis identified the roundness index of the femoral head (P = .002), postoperative anterior center-edge angle (CEA; P = .004), and surgical correction of lateral CEA (Δlateral CEA; P = .003) as independent predictors for abnormal CP after PAO. A preoperative roundness index >54.3°, a postoperative anterior CEA <36.3°, and a Δlateral CEA >27.0° in the standing pelvic position predicted abnormal CP after PAO. Conclusion: PAO normalized joint CP in 64.7% of the patients but was less likely to normalize joint CP in patients with aspheric femoral heads. Successful surgical treatment depends on obtaining adequate anterior coverage and avoiding excessive lateral correction, while considering the physiological pelvic tilt in a weight-bearing position.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine