Background and Purpose - The aim of this study was to elucidate the factors associated with the time from symptom onset to arrival at a stroke center (onset-to-door time [ODT]) in patients with classically defined transient ischemic attack using data from a multicenter, retrospective study. Methods - The subjects were patients with transient ischemic attack admitted to 13 stroke centers in Japan within 7 days of onset between 2008 and 2009. A total of 464 patients registered (292 men, 68.5±13.2 years old), and 421 of them (268 men, 68.8±13.1 years old) were included in the analyses. ODT was classified into the following 5 categories: <3 hours, 3 to 6 hours, 7 to 12 hours, 13 to 24 hours, and >24 hours. Results - There were 233 patients (55.3%) who visited a stroke center within 3 hours of symptom onset. Multiple ordinal logistic regression analysis revealed that motor weakness, speech disturbance, and duration of symptoms >10 minutes were independently associated with a short ODT. Furthermore, a history of transient ischemic attack and hypertension and a referral from another medical facility were independently associated with a long ODT. Patients with a higher ABCD 2 score were likely to arrive at a stroke center more quickly. Conclusions - We identified several factors that were positively and negatively associated with the ODT in patients with transient ischemic attack.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing