Failure of film formation of viscoelastic fluid: Dynamics of viscoelastic fluid in a partially filled horizontally rotating cylinder

Yutaka Sumino, Hiroki Shibayama, Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Tadashi Kajiya, Masao Doi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamics of a viscoelastic Maxwell fluid is studied in a partially filled cylinder rotating around a horizontal axis. At low rotational velocity, the fluid behaves in the same manner as a viscous fluid. A thin fluid film is pulled up from the edge of a fluid bump at the bottom of the cylinder, and it covers the inner wall of the cylinder completely. As a result, a steady state is the coexistence of the film and the bump of the fluid. When the rotational velocity of the cylinder is increased, the film formation fails and the bump of fluid rolls steadily at the bottom of the cylinder. This failure of film formation has never been observed in the case of a viscous fluid. At higher rotational velocity, the bump of the fluid starts to oscillate at the bottom of the cylinder. Then, the fluid bump again rolls steadily with a further increase in the rotational velocity. The failure of film formation is explained in terms of the elastic behavior of the viscoelastic fluid near the boundary between the film and the bump regions. The theoretical prediction shows good agreement with the experimental results. We further estimate the condition for which a viscoelastic fluid displays dynamically nonwetting behavior; i.e., the absence of fluid film at any value of rotational velocity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046307
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 19 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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