Extraction of rare earth metals into ionic liquids (ILs) from aqueous solutions was investigated using octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethyl phosphine oxide (CMPO) as an extractant. Use of ILs greatly enhanced the extraction efficiency and selectivity of CMPO for metal ions compared to when n-dodecane was used as the extracting solvent. The extraction mechanism has been studied by slope analysis and extraction tests, and these confirmed that the metal extraction proceeds via a cation-exchange mechanism. Furthermore, stripping of metals from ILs into an aqueous phase by complexing agents and recycling of the extracting ILs phase was successfully accomplished.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering