EuBi3 with the AuCu3-type cubic structure is known to be a Eu-divalent antiferromagnet with the Néel temperature TN ∼ 7:5 K. We succeeded in growing a high-quality single crystal by the Bi self-flux method. The magnetization at 1.3K for the magnetic field along the h100i direction increases linearly as a function of magnetic field, and saturates at a critical field Hc = 225 kOe, reaching a saturated magnetic moment of 7μB/Eu. Hc is well explained by the magnetic exchange interaction based on a two-sublattice model, using the simple relation Hc = (kB/3μB)(TN- θp) namely, Hc [kOe= 4:9 (TN - θp) [K], where θp is the paramagnetic Curie temperature θp = -36 K. The present antiferromagnetic state is found to be stable under pressures up to 8 GPa, where the Néel temperature increases with increasing pressure, being TN = 16:5K at 8 GPa. From the results of de Haas-van Alphen experiments on EuBiT3 and energy band calculations for the non-4f reference compound SrBi3, the Fermi surface is found to consist of three types of nearly spherical Fermi surfaces.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)