Fern Dicranopteris linearis-derived biochars: Adjusting surface properties by direct processing of the silica phase

Nga T. Mai, Nam H. Nguyen, Toshiki Tsubota, Yoshiyuki Shinogi, Stefan Dultz, Minh N. Nguyen

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Abstract

This work specifically emphasizes the effect of the silica phase contained in the fern Dicranopteris linearis (D. linearis), a common shrub occurring widely throughout tropical and subtropical regions, on biochar surface properties. Slow pyrolysis was performed in the temperature range from 400 to 900 °C under various ambient reaction conditions, i.e., non-biochar-oriented conditions (open pyrolysis) and biochar-oriented conditions (closed and N2-supported pyrolysis). The resulting changes in micromorphology and different surface properties, specific surface area and surface charge, were elucidated. Open pyrolysis resulted in excessive decomposition of biomass and condensation of silica, while the closed and N2-supported pyrolysis methods showed notable enhancement of biochar yield. The presence of silica as an inter-embedded part of the fern D. linearis and the derived biochars likely supported a carbon-silica structural model in which these two components might be integrated or decomposed during pyrolysis. In general, joint processing of organic carbon and silica greatly altered the surface properties. At lower temperatures and during N2-supported pyrolysis, condensation of organic compounds limited the development of high surface charge densities. At higher temperatures and during open pyrolysis, intensification of the silica phase was accompanied with an increasing number of charged surface sites, thereby increasing the surface charge density. Based on the porous structure, large surface area (up to 701 m2 g−1) and high surface charge density (up to 0.5 μmol(−) m−2), D. linearis-derived biochars can be highlighted as potential agro-environmental materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123937
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume583
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 20 2019

Fingerprint

Silicon Dioxide
surface properties
Surface properties
pyrolysis
Pyrolysis
adjusting
Silica
silicon dioxide
Surface charge
Processing
Charge density
Condensation
subtropical regions
condensation
biochar
carbon
biomass
Organic carbon
organic compounds
tropical regions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Fern Dicranopteris linearis-derived biochars : Adjusting surface properties by direct processing of the silica phase. / Mai, Nga T.; Nguyen, Nam H.; Tsubota, Toshiki; Shinogi, Yoshiyuki; Dultz, Stefan; Nguyen, Minh N.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 583, 123937, 20.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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