Aim: To investigate which part of the fetal aortic distension waveform is mainly influenced by changes in fetal cardiac contractility and aortic blood pressure. Methods: In acute preparation, aortic distension waveforms were recorded using an echo-tracking system, and aortic and left ventricular pressure waveforms were obtained from six late-gestation catheterized fetal lambs. Dobutamine and angiotensin II were separately infused and the correlations between the maximum value in the first derivative of left ventricle pressure waveforms (Max dP/dt) and fetal blood pressure, and the parameters obtained from aortic distension waveforms were analyzed using linear regression analysis. Results: With a change in cardiac contractility, the maximum value of first derivative of the systolic rising slope in the aortic distension waveform had a positive correlation with Max dP/dt (r = 0.93, P < 0.0001). With changes in fetal blood pressure, both the amplitude and the ratio of increase from the end diastolic diameter obtained from the aortic distension waveform had a significant positive correlation with aortic blood pressure amplitude (r = 0.60, P < 0.01; r = 0.61, P < 0.01, respectively). Conclusion: The maximum first derivative of the systolic rising slope in the aortic distension waveform and the amplitude in the aortic distension waveform enable us to non-invasively substitute for fetal cardiac contractility and aortic blood pressure amplitude, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology