Liver fibrosis is associated with lifestyle-related diseases, including diabetes. The identification of diabetic patients with severe liver fibrosis is important, but a simple and reliable diagnostic procedure remains to be determined. We conducted an observational study to evaluate the performance of a FIB-4 index-based screening strategy for the diagnosis of advanced liver fibrosis in patients with diabetes or prediabetes. Two hundred and forty-two patients underwent abdominal imaging in our Study. According to the abdominal imaging findings, fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma were defined, and their association with FIB-4 index evaluated. The prevalences of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with a high (≥ 2.67; liver cirrhosis: 42.9%, hepatocellular carcinoma: 14.3%) FIB-4 index were significantly higher than in those with an intermediate (1.3 ≤ FIB-4 < 2.67; liver cirrhosis: 1.6%, hepatocellular carcinoma: 0.8%) or low FIB-4 index (< 1.3; liver cirrhosis: 1.2%, hepatocellular carcinoma: 0%). The diagnostic accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity of the FIB-4 index for the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma were 84.3%, 85.5%, and 89.3%, respectively, with an optimized cut-off value of 2.96 (sensitivity = 0.86, specificity = 0.98). Using an optimized cut-off value, FIB-4 index might be useful to identify liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma in diabetes patients with high diagnostic accuracy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism