Field aligned currents in the high latitude, high altitude magnetosphere: POLAR initial results

C. T. Russell, X. W. Zhou, Guan Le, P. H. Reiff, J. G. Luhmann, C. A. Cattell, H. Kawano

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Abstract

Magnetic field measurements obtained by the POLAR spacecraft are used to map out the region 1 and region 2 field-aligned current systems in the dayside hemisphere at radial distances of close to 8 Earth radii above the northern polar cap. The extrapolated invariant latitude of these currents is quite variable. The equatorward edge of the region 1 system ranges from 73 to 83° degrees invariant latitude. The sense of both systems reverses across noon as expected. The strength of the currents also varies, averaging about 0.03 A/m for the region 1 currents and 0.01 A/m for the region 2 currents. Over the dayside hemisphere this amounts to about 1.5 million amps flowing down and up the field lines in the region 1 system and about 0.5 million amps in the region 2 system. These numbers and the behavior of the current are quite consistent with low-altitude observations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number97GLO1493
Pages (from-to)1455-1458
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Russell, C. T., Zhou, X. W., Le, G., Reiff, P. H., Luhmann, J. G., Cattell, C. A., & Kawano, H. (1997). Field aligned currents in the high latitude, high altitude magnetosphere: POLAR initial results. Geophysical Research Letters, 24(12), 1455-1458. [97GLO1493]. https://doi.org/10.1029/97GL01493