Background: Microscopic description of spontaneous fission is one of the most challenging subjects in nuclear physics. It is necessary to evaluate the collective potential and the collective inertia along a fission path for a description of quantum tunneling in spontaneous or low-energy fission. In past studies of the fission dynamics based on nuclear energy density functional (EDF) theory, the collective inertia has been evaluated with the cranking approximation, which neglects dynamical residual effects. Purpose: The purpose is to provide a reliable and efficient method to include dynamical residual effects in the collective inertia for fission dynamics. Methods: We use the local quasiparticle random-phase approximation (LQRPA) to evaluate the collective inertia along a fission path obtained by the constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method with the Skyrme EDF. The finite-amplitude method (FAM) with a contour integration technique enables us to efficiently compute the collective inertia in a large model space. Results: We evaluate the FAM-QRPA collective inertia along a symmetric fission path in Pu240 and Fm256. The FAM-QRPA inertia is significantly larger than the one of the cranking approximation and shows pronounced peaks around the ground state and the fission isomer. This is due to dynamical residual effects. Conclusions: To describe the spontaneous or low-energy fission, we provide a reliable and efficient method to construct the collective inertia with dynamical residual effects that have been neglected in most of EDF-based works in the past. We show the importance of dynamical residual effects to the collective inertia. This work will be a starting point for a systematic study of fission dynamics in heavy and superheavy nuclei to microscopically describe the nuclear large-amplitude collective motions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics