Finite element analysis of effect of PFZ layer around reinforcement on deformation behaviour of whisker-reinforced Al composite

Hiroyuki Toda, Naoya Inoue, Ryoko Shinmura, Toshiro Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, the existence of PFZ layers in the vicinity of the reinforcement with a width of several ten nm have been reported in the aluminum alloy matrix composite. Solute atom segregation due to the non-equilibrium mechanisms has been observed simultaneously in this region. Elastic-plastic finite element analyses have been performed to evaluate the effects of these locally-in-homogeneous matrix on the tensile mechanical properties of a 6061Al alloy matrix composite reinforced with aligned 22 vol%SiC whiskers. The reinforcement is assumed to be surrounded by the PFZ layers of 0, 44 and 88 nm widths in which the mechanical properties of the matrix are substituted by those of the Al-6%Mg alloy without precipitation. The initial strain hardening rate decreases with increasing PFZ width, while the Young's modulus is almost independent of PFZ width. These results are primarily attributed to the plastic deformation near the corner of the reinforcement due to the considerably low elastic limit in the PFZ layer. The numerical results also provide a mechanistic rationale for experimentally-observed efficiency of the microstructural control in which the PFZ layer have been successfully vanished utilizing the gradient of the solute atom concentration near the interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-932
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume59
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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