First-principles calculations are used to investigate the stable structures of the GaN(0001) and (000–1) surfaces under oxide vapor phase epitaxy growth conditions. The surface phase diagrams as a function of temperature and Ga pressure are described. It was found that the GaN(0001) surface is covered by OH groups. For the GaN(000–1) surface, the stable surface structure is with H atoms adsorbed on the topmost N atoms or an O atom stably incorporated into the Ga monolayer. We discuss the relationship between the growth conditions and O impurity incorporation. From the results, we suggest that high H2 pressure and high temperature growth conditions are favorable for decreasing O impurity incorporation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics